How to reduce acidity and gas problems || Acidity and gas problem symptoms

How to reduce acidity and gas problem

Now let's start today's conversation which is on How to reduce acidity and gas problems, gastritis i.e. inflammation of the stomach commonly called acidity/heartburn. And this leads to various symptoms in the patient like burning in the stomach, pain, gas problem, abdominal distension.

Today, we will discuss what causes Acidity and gas problems, what are the symptoms of gastritis/acidity/heartburn, and the investigation by which it is confirmed and the complications identified. And we will talk about its medical management and treatment of acidity i.e. about medicines by which acidity can be cured In Gastritis, there is inflammation of the lining of the stomach This inflammation can develop suddenly leading to acute acidity and gas problems And sometimes this inflammation develops gradually, leading to Chronic Gastritis.

 

How to reduce acidity and gas problem
Acidity or Gas problem

Acidity and gas problem symptoms­čśĚ

  • Bloating.
  • Belching and gas.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • An acidic taste in your mouth.
  • Fullness during or after a meal.
  • Growling stomach.
  • Burning in your stomach or upper belly.
  • Belly pain.

And if we talk about the symptoms then the patient develops heartburn and pain in the upper abdomen, abdominal heaviness, gas problems, belching, the fullness of the abdomen Besides patients may develop nausea, and sometimes they vomit And sometimes in complicated cases when the bleeding starts from the stomach the patient develops black stools, blood in stools, and vomits.

Blood in stools and vomits is an emergency condition, it's a grave situation for which the patient needs to urgently consult a good Gastroenterologist.

When the patient needs to consult a doctor?

Although in the majority of cases the symptoms of acidity get relieved without medicines in 1-2 days But if the symptoms are present for more than 1 week, or the patient has developed black stools, blood in stool, and vomits. Then the patient needs to consult a good Gastroenterologist Besides if the day-to-day activities of the patient are getting affected or the condition has worsened due to acidity and gas problems, then also the patient needs to consult a doctor.

Causes of Gastritis/gas problems/heartburn?

So many times it has been found that gastritis has developed due to bad dietary habits and bad lifestyle And in it important causes are,

  • intake of spicy food
  • junk food, fried food
  • Alcohol
  • Smoking
  • mental stress
  • lack of nighttime sleep.

All these factors increase acid production in the stomach which attacks the lining of the stomach. Leading to gastritis acidity, inflammation of the stomach.

There are other important causes and important among This is, stomach infection by Helicobacter Pylori i.e. H. Pylori bacteria, H. Pylori infection is a very important cause of acidity.

Investigations are used to confirm Gastritis and to identify its complications.

Diagnosis of Acidity

So, to confirm gastritis a very commonly used and very good investigation is Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy also called UGI endoscopy But before doing Upper GI Endoscopy the patients need to be kept on fasting for 4 hours, they should not eat for 4 hours. Then a flexible tube with a camera on the top is inserted through the mouth and passed through the food pipe, stomach till the small intestine And the recording of the camera the Doctor watches on a screen and in this way, the diagnosis of Gastritis is confirmed in the patient.

 

How to reduce acidity and gas problem
Acidity Diagnosis

 

The other diseases of the food pipe, stomach, and intestine are diagnosed And sometimes Upper GI Endoscopy is also used to take a biopsy of the stomach Besides confirming the infection of Helicobacter Pylori, H. Pylori the Doctors may advise Biopsy, blood test, stool test, and Breath test Besides Doctors may also advise complete blood count, liver function test, and stool occult blood test.

The treatment to reduce acidity and gas problems

So First, we will talk about medicines which help to reduce acidity and gas problems in the patients And First class of Drugs in it is Proton Pump Inhibitors also called PPI's this class includes Omeprazole, Pantoprazole, and Rabeprazole named medicines And to get the maximum benefit of these drugs the patient should take these drugs 30 minutes before food intake Initially, PPI's are started once a day, in the morning But if the patient does not get relief by once a day dose then the drug is given twice a day in the patient And also in the evening, this drug should be taken 30 minutes before food The second class of drug is H₂ blockers H₂ blockers include Famotidine, Nizatidine named medicines.

 

How to reduce acidity and gas problem
Acidity Treatment

 

These drugs also help to reduce acidity and gas problems and promote healing of the stomach lining Third, are the antibiotics against Helicobacter Pylori bacteria And these include Amoxicillin, Clarithromycin and Metronidazole named antibiotics. These antibiotics are given in combination with Proton Pump Inhibitors And the patient should remember to complete the full course of these antibiotics as advised by the Doctor.

to get the maximum effect Doctors may also advise antacids to get quick relief these antacids neutralize the acidity of the stomach which gives instant relief to the patient And Antacids contain combinations of Aluminum and Magnesium salts And besides these medicines, patients need to make dietary and lifestyle changes.

Painkillers for Helicobacter Pylori

Besides painkillers from NSAIDs class, which include Diclofenac, Ibuprofen, Aspirin named medicines Intake of these medicines also leads to the development of Gastritis Besides, trauma, severe infection, burn also lead to Gastritis And sometimes the body cells, themselves attack the lining of the stomach leading to the inflammation of the stomach This is called Autoimmune Gastritis. Autoimmune gastritis is found to be associated with vitamin B 12 deficiencies. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and also other autoimmune diseases These were some causes of Gastritis.

Home Treatment To reduce acidity and gas problems

Home Treatment To reduce acidity and gas problems is going to bed with an empty and dry stomach can also help so in the last three hours of going to bed make sure you don't eat anything and in the last two hours of going to bed make sure you don't drink anything with foods and drinks the best advice is to eat smaller more frequent meals peppermint, tomato, chocolate, and caffeine are all suspected of making acid reflux worse

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